Presents the story of man's first probe into space. The International Geophysical Year is the first concerted international effort to advance our knowledge not only of space but of earth and sun. Sydney Chapman, leader of the team of scientists that directed the program, re-creates for the general reader the discoveries that will provide the basis for our exploration of space.
In 'Big Ecology,' David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States. As Coleman explains, the concept of the ecosystem--a local biological community and its interactions with its environment--has given rise to many institutions and research programs, like the National Science Foundation's program for Long Term Ecological Research. Coleman's insider account of this important and fascinating trend toward big science takes us from the paradigm of collaborative interdisciplinary research, starting with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, through the International Biological Program (IBP) of the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) programs of the 1980s.
C. T. Russell Originally published in the journal Space Science Reviews, Volume 136, Nos 1&#8211;4. DOI: 10. 1007/s11214-008-9344-1 © Springer Science+Business Media B. V. 2008 The Sun-Earth Connection is now an accepted fact. It has a signi cant impact on our daily lives, and its underpinnings are being pursued vigorously with missions such as the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, commonly known as STEREO. This was not always so. It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that Edward Sabine connected the 11-year geomagnetic cycle with Heinrich Schwabe&#8217;s deduction of a like periodicity in the sunspot record. The clincher for many was Richard Carrington&#8217;s sighting of a great whi- light are on the Sun, on September 1, 1859, followed by a great geomagnetic storm 18 hours later. But was the Sun-Earth Connection signi cant to terrestrial denizens? Perhaps in 1859 it was not, but a century later it became so. Beginning in the 1930&#8217;s, as electrical powergrids grew in size, powercompanies began to realize that they occasionally had power blackouts during periods of intense geomagnetic activity. This correlation did not appear to be suf ciently signi cant to bring to the attention of the public but during the International Geophysical Year (IGY), when geomagnetic activity was being scrutinized intensely, the occurrence of a large North American power blackout during a great magnetic storm was impossible to ignore.
In Big Ecology, David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States. As Coleman explains, the concept of the ecosystem-a local biological community and its interactions with its environment-has given rise to many institutions and research programs, like the National Science Foundation's program for Long Term Ecological Research. Coleman's insider account of this important and fascinating trend toward big science takes us from the paradigm of collaborative interdisciplinary research, starting with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, through the International Biological Program (IBP) of the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) programs of the 1980s.
Erscheinungsdatum: 21.01.2013, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Chicken Egg Yolk Antibodies, Production and Application, Titelzusatz: IgY-Technology, Auflage: 2001, Redaktion: Behn, Ingrid // Erhard, Michael // Hlinak, Andreas // Schade, Rüdiger // Staak, Christian, Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg // Springer Berlin, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Immunologie // Molekularbiologie // Zellbiologie // Zytologie // Biotechnologie, Rubrik: Genetik // Gentechnologie, Seiten: 268, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 411 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Antibodies are the functional unit of humoral immunity. They are secreted by plasma cells, a type of B lymphocyte. When on the surface of a B cell, these molecules are immunoglobulins, following secretion they are termed as antibodies. Antibodies are found in bodily fluids and tissue spaces and are most effective in eliminating extracellular pathogens. As compared to mammalian antibodies, IgY offers various advantages for the targeted extraction of antibodies and their application in bioanalysis. Since the antibodies are extracted from the yolks of laid eggs, the method of antibody production is non-invasive. Thus, no blood must be taken from the animals for the extraction of blood serum. Because of its economic importance most research on immunity implied in the reactivity of the body were performed on domestic birds. Direct consequence of this research is the understanding of fundamental and applied concepts of immunity in birds. Comparing to the mammalian, avian immune system appears insignificant. However, it currently provides important information regarding the fundamental immunological mechanisms. It also provided a significant number of firsts, especially in vaccinology.
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SAILING / Christopher Cross|FAME / Irene Cara|Lady / Kenny Rogers|THEME FROM NEW YORK NEW YORK / Frank Sinatra|THE ROSE / Bette Midler|WOMAN IN LOVE / Barbara Streisand|BETTE DAVIS EYES / Kim Carnes|ARTHUR'S THEME (BEST THAT YOU CAN DO) / Christopher Cross|ENDLESS LOVE / Diana Ross and Lionel Richie|JUST THE TWO OF US / Grover Washington jr.|9 TO 5 / Dolly Parton|ALWAYS ON MY MIND / Willie Nelson|EBONY AND IVORY / Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder|EYE OF THE TIGER / Survivor|IGY (WHAT A BEAUTIFUL WORLD) / Donald Fagen|ROSANNA / Toto|EVERY BREATH YOU TAKE / The Police|ALL NIGHT LONG (ALL NIGHT) / Lionel Richie|BEAT IT / Michael Jackson|BILLIE JEAN / Michael Jackson|MANIAC / Michael Sembello|WHAT'S LOVE GOT TO DO WITH IT / Tina Turner|AGAINST ALL ODDS (TAKE A LOOK AT ME NOW) / Phil Collins|HELLO / Lionel Richie|I JUST CALLED TO SAY I LOVE YOU / Stevie Wonder|TIME AFTER TIME / Cyndi Lauper|WE ARE THE WORLD / USA for Africa|THE BOYS OF SUMMER / Don Henley|EVERYTIME YOU GO AWAY / Paul Young|I WANT TO KNOW WHAT LOVE IS / Foreigner|MONEY FOR NOTHING / Dire Straits|THAT'S WHAT FRIENDS ARE FOR / Dionne Warwick|ADDICTED TO LOVE / Robert Palmer|HIGHER LOVE / Steve Winwood|SLEDGEHAMMER / Peter Gabriel|SOMEWHERE OUT THERE / Linda Ronstadt & James Ingram|DIDN'T WE ALMOST HAVE IT ALL / Whitney Houston|I STILL HAVEN'T FOUND WHAT I'M LOOKING FOR / U2|La Bamba / Los Lobos|Luka / Suzanne Vega|DON'T WORRY BE HAPPY / Bobby McFerrin|BE STILL MY BEATING HEART / Sting|FAST CAR / Tracy Chapman|GIVING YOU THE BEST THAT I GOT / Anita Baker|PIANO IN THE DARK / Brenda Russell|THE WIND BENEATH MY WINGS / Bette Middler|DON'T KNOW MUCH / Aaron Neville and Linda Ronstadt|THE END OF THE INNOCENCE / Don Henley|THE LIVING YEARS / Mike & The Mechanics|WE DIDN'T START THE FIRE / Billy Joel|GRACELAND / Paul Simon
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Aja|ANY WORLD (THAT I'M WELCOME TO)|BABYLON SISTERS|Bad Sneakers|BIG NOISE NEW YORK|BLACK COW|Black Friday / Steely Dan|Bodhisattva / Steely Dan|BROOK OF LIARS|Deacon Blues / Steely Dan|Do it again|DOCTOR WU|EVERYONE'S GONE TO THE MOVIES|FM / Steely Dan|Gaucho / Steely Dan|Green Earrings|GREEN FLOWER STREET|HERE AT THE WESTERN WORLD|Hey Nineteen / Steely Dan|IGY (WHAT A BEAUTIFUL WORLD)|Josie|Kid Charlemagne / Steely Dan|My Old School / Steely Dan|Peg|REELIN' IN THE YEARS|Rikki don't lose that number / Steely Dan|ROSE DARLING|THIRD WORLD MAN|THROW BACK THE LITTLE ONES|Time Out Of Mind|WHAT A SHAME ABOUT ME
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Chapman served with the Royal Australian Air Force Reserve from 1953 to 1955. He learned to fly (in a Tiger Moth) during Australian National Service. From 1956 to 1957, he worked for Philips Electronics Industries Proprietary Limited in Sydney, Australia. He then spent 15 months in Antarctica with the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE), for the International Geophysical Year (IGY) as an auroral/radio physicist. The work required that he spend most of the winter with one other man at a remote camp. From 1960 to 1961, he was an electro-optics staff engineer in flight simulators for Canadian Aviation Electronics Limited in Dorval, Quebec. His next assignment was as a staff physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he worked in electro-optics, inertial systems, and gravitational theory until the summer of 1967.