The 'Year' That Changed How We View the North This book is about a new theoretical approach that transformed the field of Arctic social studies and about a program called International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) that altered the position of social research within the broader polar science. The concept for IPY was developed in 2003-2005, its vision was for researchers from many nations to work together to gain cro- disciplinary insight into planetary processes, to explore and increase our understanding of the polar regions, the Arctic and Antarctica, and of their roles in the global system. IPY 2007-2008, the fourth program of its kind, followed in the footsteps of its predecessors, the first IPY in 1882-1883, the second IPY in 1932-1933, and the third IPY (later renamed to 'International Geophysical Year' or IGY) in 1957-1958. All earlier IPY/IGY have been primarily geophysical initiatives, with their focus on meteorology, atmospheric and geomagnetic observations, and with additional emphasis on glaciology and sea ice circulation. As such, they excluded socio-economic disciplines and polar indigenous people, often deliberately, except for limited ethnographic and natural history collection work conducted by some expeditions of the first IPY. That once dominant vision biased heavily towards geophysics, oceanography, and ice-sheets, left little if any place for people, that is, the social sciences and the humanities, in what has been commonly viewed as the 'hard-core' polar research.
IgY An Alternative antibody. This text book gives a clear illustration and description of the principles and concepts of immunology in a highly accessible and comprehensive manner. This book is designed to cater the basic needs of the scientists in the field of Biomedical science, Biotechnology, Immunology, Biochemistry and Microbiology. This book also elaborates and highlights the various techniques employed for in vivo and in vitro analysis of biomolecules. Each chapter starts with introductory details of the techniques followed by laboratory methods. The book is compartmented into five following chapters, 1. Introduction 2. Venom composition and enzyme activities 3. Symptoms, signs and treatment of cobra bite 4. Extraction of egg yolk IgY 5.In vivo and In vitro assays.
The research was aimed to study the potential of probiotic lactic acid bacteria as suitable alternatives to antibiotics in broilers. This was design to find a possible replacement to antibiotics in broiler production. The study was carried out at the Department of microbiology, faculty of sciences Kaduna State University, Kaduna between January to May 2018. A total of ten raw milk samples were screened for the isolation of Lactic Acid Bacteria and 20 day-old broiler chicks (initial body weight 41 ± 0.5 g) were administered probiotics containing Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus plantenrun and Weissalla ciberia in water at 108 cells/milliliters/isolates/birds/day at day 6, 7, 8, 21, 22, and 23 of ages. Body Weight (BW), Weight Gain (WG) and Feed Intake (FI) were measured weekly just as feed conversion ratio was calculated and mortality recorded throughout the duration of the experiment. Blood glucose concentration, total protein, lipid profiles and Total immunoglobulins (IgY) were determined from blood sample at the ages of 14 and 42 days. Carcass quality and proximate analysis were evaluated from the meat of the broiler at the age of 42 days.
Europe has a distinguished history of environmental research and hosts many of the world s leading researchers in the environmental field. Environmental concerns have been on the policy agenda since the European Comunities were created in 1957. The International Geophysical Year (IGY) was launched in the same year as a first attempt to coordinate global measurements of the Earth, the oceans, the atmosphere and the sun. It also pointed out for the first time that carbon dioxide was building up in the atmosphere. The decades since then have witnessed increasing public concern about our environment and the damage being done to it, alongside greater research efforts to increase knowledge and find solutions.
C. T. Russell Originally published in the journal Space Science Reviews, Volume 136, Nos 1&#8211;4. DOI: 10. 1007/s11214-008-9344-1 © Springer Science+Business Media B. V. 2008 The Sun-Earth Connection is now an accepted fact. It has a signi cant impact on our daily lives, and its underpinnings are being pursued vigorously with missions such as the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, commonly known as STEREO. This was not always so. It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that Edward Sabine connected the 11-year geomagnetic cycle with Heinrich Schwabe&#8217;s deduction of a like periodicity in the sunspot record. The clincher for many was Richard Carrington&#8217;s sighting of a great whi- light are on the Sun, on September 1, 1859, followed by a great geomagnetic storm 18 hours later. But was the Sun-Earth Connection signi cant to terrestrial denizens? Perhaps in 1859 it was not, but a century later it became so. Beginning in the 1930&#8217;s, as electrical powergrids grew in size, powercompanies began to realize that they occasionally had power blackouts during periods of intense geomagnetic activity. This correlation did not appear to be suf ciently signi cant to bring to the attention of the public but during the International Geophysical Year (IGY), when geomagnetic activity was being scrutinized intensely, the occurrence of a large North American power blackout during a great magnetic storm was impossible to ignore.
Antibodies are the functional unit of humoral immunity. They are secreted by plasma cells, a type of B lymphocyte. When on the surface of a B cell, these molecules are immunoglobulins, following secretion they are termed as antibodies. Antibodies are found in bodily fluids and tissue spaces and are most effective in eliminating extracellular pathogens. As compared to mammalian antibodies, IgY offers various advantages for the targeted extraction of antibodies and their application in bioanalysis. Since the antibodies are extracted from the yolks of laid eggs, the method of antibody production is non-invasive. Thus, no blood must be taken from the animals for the extraction of blood serum. Because of its economic importance most research on immunity implied in the reactivity of the body were performed on domestic birds. Direct consequence of this research is the understanding of fundamental and applied concepts of immunity in birds. Comparing to the mammalian, avian immune system appears insignificant. However, it currently provides important information regarding the fundamental immunological mechanisms. It also provided a significant number of firsts, especially in vaccinology.
The protocol developed for IgY purificationindicated approximately 74% recovery rate and 80%purity, while that of ovotransferrin appeared to bearound 93% recovery rate and 80% purity. Theseprotocols seem to be economical and practical for alarge-scale purification of IgY and ovotransferrinfrom chicken egg because ethanol and resin used inthe protocols can be regenerated as well as they aresimple and rapid methods. The combination of 100 mM-NaHCO3 to ovotransferrin was found to bebacteriostatic against E. coli O157:H7 and L.monocytogenes in BHI broth. Also ovotransferrinsolution added with 0.5% citric acid or Zn-boundovotransferrin inhibited the growth E. coli O157:H7and L. monocytogenes in BHI broth respectively.Also, EDTA and lysozyme promoted antibacterialactivity of ovotransferrin solution combined with100 mM-NaHCO3 against E. coli O157:H7 andL.monocytogenes respectively. Based on theseresults, this study claims that ovotransferrincombined citric acid, NaHCO3, and EDTA or lysozymeseemed to be useful antibacterial agents forcontrolling E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes.
Chicken Egg Yolk Antibodies Production and Application ab 99.99 EURO IgY-Technology. Auflage 2001
To help salve the sting of orbiting Sputniks, the United States needed a dramatic demonstration of technological prowess; early in 1958, the White House ordered a top secret under-ice transit of the Arctic Ocean--Pacific to Atlantic--via the North Pole. And that spring, the Office of Naval Research initiated a unique project: to assess whether non-rigid airships (blimps) could support field parties deployed in the Arctic. This book recounts two successful missions. In August, the nuclear submarine Nautilus (SSN 571) reached 90 North and, continuing under ice, logged the first deep-ocean transit of the basin. En route to rendezvous with an IGY drifting station on T-3, an ice island, U.S. Navy airship BUNO 126719 became the sole military airship to cross the Arctic Circle. This work is based on first-hand accounts, including journal excerpts from Dr. Waldo Lyon a force behind U.S. under-ice submarine development
Erscheinungsdatum: 01.12.2017, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Produção de antiveneno botrópico em ovos de galinha, Titelzusatz: Tecnologia IgY na produção de imunobiológicos, Autor: Soriano-Araújo, Amanda, Verlag: Novas Edições Acadêmicas, Sprache: Portugiesisch, Rubrik: Medizin // Allgemeines, Lexika, Seiten: 60, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 106 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
SAILING / Christopher Cross|FAME / Irene Cara|Lady / Kenny Rogers|THEME FROM NEW YORK NEW YORK / Frank Sinatra|THE ROSE / Bette Midler|WOMAN IN LOVE / Barbara Streisand|BETTE DAVIS EYES / Kim Carnes|ARTHUR'S THEME (BEST THAT YOU CAN DO) / Christopher Cross|ENDLESS LOVE / Diana Ross and Lionel Richie|JUST THE TWO OF US / Grover Washington jr.|9 TO 5 / Dolly Parton|ALWAYS ON MY MIND / Willie Nelson|EBONY AND IVORY / Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder|EYE OF THE TIGER / Survivor|IGY (WHAT A BEAUTIFUL WORLD) / Donald Fagen|ROSANNA / Toto|EVERY BREATH YOU TAKE / The Police|ALL NIGHT LONG (ALL NIGHT) / Lionel Richie|BEAT IT / Michael Jackson|BILLIE JEAN / Michael Jackson|MANIAC / Michael Sembello|WHAT'S LOVE GOT TO DO WITH IT / Tina Turner|AGAINST ALL ODDS (TAKE A LOOK AT ME NOW) / Phil Collins|HELLO / Lionel Richie|I JUST CALLED TO SAY I LOVE YOU / Stevie Wonder|TIME AFTER TIME / Cyndi Lauper|WE ARE THE WORLD / USA for Africa|THE BOYS OF SUMMER / Don Henley|EVERYTIME YOU GO AWAY / Paul Young|I WANT TO KNOW WHAT LOVE IS / Foreigner|MONEY FOR NOTHING / Dire Straits|THAT'S WHAT FRIENDS ARE FOR / Dionne Warwick|ADDICTED TO LOVE / Robert Palmer|HIGHER LOVE / Steve Winwood|SLEDGEHAMMER / Peter Gabriel|SOMEWHERE OUT THERE / Linda Ronstadt & James Ingram|DIDN'T WE ALMOST HAVE IT ALL / Whitney Houston|I STILL HAVEN'T FOUND WHAT I'M LOOKING FOR / U2|La Bamba / Los Lobos|Luka / Suzanne Vega|DON'T WORRY BE HAPPY / Bobby McFerrin|BE STILL MY BEATING HEART / Sting|FAST CAR / Tracy Chapman|GIVING YOU THE BEST THAT I GOT / Anita Baker|PIANO IN THE DARK / Brenda Russell|THE WIND BENEATH MY WINGS / Bette Middler|DON'T KNOW MUCH / Aaron Neville and Linda Ronstadt|THE END OF THE INNOCENCE / Don Henley|THE LIVING YEARS / Mike & The Mechanics|WE DIDN'T START THE FIRE / Billy Joel|GRACELAND / Paul Simon
Aja|ANY WORLD (THAT I'M WELCOME TO)|BABYLON SISTERS|Bad Sneakers|BIG NOISE NEW YORK|BLACK COW|Black Friday / Steely Dan|Bodhisattva / Steely Dan|BROOK OF LIARS|Deacon Blues / Steely Dan|Do it again|DOCTOR WU|EVERYONE'S GONE TO THE MOVIES|FM / Steely Dan|Gaucho / Steely Dan|Green Earrings|GREEN FLOWER STREET|HERE AT THE WESTERN WORLD|Hey Nineteen / Steely Dan|IGY (WHAT A BEAUTIFUL WORLD)|Josie|Kid Charlemagne / Steely Dan|My Old School / Steely Dan|Peg|REELIN' IN THE YEARS|Rikki don't lose that number / Steely Dan|ROSE DARLING|THIRD WORLD MAN|THROW BACK THE LITTLE ONES|Time Out Of Mind|WHAT A SHAME ABOUT ME